Tobacco Smoke Exposure Sends Children to the Emergency Department

A new study from University of Cincinnati thirdhand smoke researchers Drs. Ashley Merianos and Melinda Mahabee-Gittens shows children who are exposed to tobacco smoke end up in the emergency department more often than children who are not exposed. Keeping homes and cars smokefree prevents exposure to second- and thirdhand smoke and trips to the emergency department.

March 29, 2021

By: Robert Preidt, (US News and World Report, HealthDay News)

Nonsmokers usually try to avoid secondhand smoke, but many kids have no option, and now a new study finds tobacco smoke exposure puts them at higher risk of hospitalization.

Compared to other kids, those exposed to secondhand smoke were more likely to have had an urgent care visit over a one-year period, and to incur higher costs for such visits. They also were nearly twice as likely to be admitted to the hospital.

The findings were published online recently in the journal PLOS ONE.

“Despite major progress in tobacco control, about four in 10 children remain exposed to tobacco smoke,” said lead author Ashley Merianos, associate professor of health promotion and education at the University of Cincinnati.

“This exposure places developing children at higher risk for many health problems, including respiratory illnesses such as asthma, bronchiolitis and pneumonia,” she said in a university news release.

The findings highlight the need for health care providers to encourage people to make homes and cars smoke-free, said Merianos, who is also a research affiliate of Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, the Thirdhand Smoke Research Consortium and the American Academy of Pediatrics Tobacco Consortium.

Senior study author Dr. Melinda Mahabee-Gittens, a pediatric emergency doctor and professor of pediatrics at Cincinnati Children’s, suggested the findings are a call to action to screen and advise parents who smoke or vape.

“If every health care provider were to use each pediatric visit as an opportunity to…counsel parents about the dangers of secondhand and thirdhand smoke exposure to their children, rates of pediatric tobacco smoke exposure would decline,” she said.

Source

Note: Content was edited for style and length.

Click here to read the research study.

Read more from the University of Cincinnati.

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